Buceros hydrocorax

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Vernacular names
English : Northern rufous hornbill
French : Calao à casque plat du nord

Classification
Class : Aves
Order : Bucerotiformes
Family : Bucerotidae
Notes : No subspecies known.

Identification
Adults grow to 65 cm in length for a weight of 1.8 kg. Wings and back dull brown-black, all white tail. Belly, breast and neck rufous brown. Black face, bright red-brown bill with large flattened casque. Yellow eyes for males, light blue for female.

Range and habitat
The species occurs in eastern Asia and is endemic to Philippines, being only found on Luzon and Marinduque islands in the north of the Archipelago. Lives in primary evergreen forests and tall secondary forests, up to 700 m.

Conservation
IUCN RED LIST : VULNERABLE
CITES : Appendix II
Status : The species has a highly fragmented range and more than 70 % of suitable forests within its range has been destroyed. Still hunted for food and sport.
Ex-Situ Programs : EEP in Europe

Observation

 

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