Elephas maximus sumatranus
English : Sumatran elephant
French : Eléphant de Sumatra
Class : Mammalia
Order : Proboscidea
Family : Elephantidae
Notes : 4 other subspecies known.
Adult males can reach 6.4 m in length, 3.4 m in shoulder height and weight up to 6 tons. Two pronounced humps on top of forehead, small folded ears, rounded back. Only males have tusks. Coloration brown-grey.
Range and habitat
This subspecies is endemic to Sumatra. The species is also found on Sri Lanka, from India to Indochina and Malaysia, and Borneo. Mostly found in forests, also in woodlands, shrublands and grasslands.
IUCN RED LIST : CRITICALLY ENDANGERED
CITES : Appendix I
Status : The species has significantly declined because of poaching and reduction of habitat. The species’ range is highly fragmented today. Sumatran subspecies seems to be the most threatened at this time.
Ex-Situ Programs : SSP in America, EEP in Europe