Cyclura cornuta cornuta
English : Rhinoceros iguana
French : Iguane rhinocéros
Class : Reptilia
Order : Squamata
Family : Iguanidae
Notes : 1 other subspecies known.
Body length of 60 cm and weight up to 9 kilos for male, less for females. Coloration is uniformly dark brown-grey. Bony tubercles looking like horns on snout. Spiny crest from nape to tail. Prominent dewlap and helmet-shaped pads.
Range and habitat
The species is endemic to the Caribbean islands, off Central America, and occurs on Hispaniola and its satellite islands. Occurs in dry forests with rocky areas, from sea level to 400 m.
IUCN RED LIST : ENDANGERED
CITES : Appendix I
Status : The species is alarmingly declining because of habitat loss due to agriculture and wood extraction. Also vulnerable to hunting and predation. The other subspecies is extinct.
Ex-Situ Programs : ESB in Europe